Most tourists to Berlin visit the the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, but many don't realize there is a second Holocaust memorial in town—a monument to the homosexual Holocaust victims during WWII.
Nazi Germany persecuted homosexuals to an incredible amount. From burning books by pro-gay authors such as Magnus Hirschfeld to creating a new law (Section 175) in 1935 which allowed for even more prosecution. While male homosexuality had been a crime under Nazi rule, Section 175 went even further and made the law stricter, including imprisonment and castration for gays and lesbians. Thousands of homosexuals were imprisoned and murdered in concentration camps simply for being gay.
Female homosexuality was not prosecuted as heavily as male homosexuality by the Nazis (except for in Austria). Homosexuality remained illegal and was continually prosecuted in both East and West Germany until 1968 and 1969 respectively. Both East and West Germany used Section 175 for prosecution.
The Berlin monument for homosexual Holocaust victims was opened in 2008 by Berlin's gay major Klaus Wowereit. The monument features a stone slab in the style of the bigger and more popular Holocaust memorial across the street. Within the stone slab is a small window which features a looped video of gay and lesbian couples.
Read more from Arts and Culture.